Skip to main content

Improve, Implant or Erase Memories

Breaking News:

“Scientists believe they may have taken the first steps towards making 'Matrix-style' instant learning a reality.
A team of researchers from HRL Laboratories in California conducted experiments in which they studied the brain signals of trained pilots and attempted to 'transplant' them into the brains of beginners who were using a flight simulator.
The technique is similar to that seen in 1999's The Matrix, in which the protagonist, Neo, learns Kung Fu in a matter of seconds after the knowledge is uploaded directly into his brain.” - The Independent, UK -  Scientists develop Matrix-style technology capable of 'uploading knowledge' to your brain.

Not So fast

Unfortunately the Independent article above is another example of fantastic media coverage - “Fantastic” as in “Fantasy.”
Here’s the, still impressive, reality check: Scientists at HRL Labs monitored and stored the brain patterns of several commercial and military pilots. Later, they “downloaded,” “implanted,” “stimulated” those patterns into subjects who were learning to pilot a plane in a flight simulator. Subjects who received the brain stimulation improved their piloting abilities compared with subjects stimulated with a placebo pattern.
Here's a link to the research, and a video is embedded, below.

The research suggests brain stimulation may aid a person’s ability to learn. It does not infer that a specific knowledge or skill can be “implanted.” 
Remember CDNIC: Correlation Does Not Infer Causation.

Wait: It gets better

Neuroscientists are discovering that memories have a cellular, even molecular, basis. And, those molecules can be manipulated to form new "memories."
Let’s jump from California to Massachusetts, where, one year ago, a mouse, with twitching whiskers and a pink tail,  wandered in a small box at an MIT lab, stepped upon a black plastic floor, and instantly froze in terror, recalling the prior experience of receiving a shock to its paws in the same spot. 
This reads, “behavioral modification 101.” Only, this time was different. This mouse had never been in this box before, nor stepped on the black plastic, or received a shock. The memory of that event had been implanted into the mouse's brain, by an MIT doctoral student.
His research showed that not only was it possible to identify brain cells involved in encoding a memory, but those cells could be stimulated to create an entirely new “memory” of an event that never happened.

Now a word from the U.S. Department of Defense

DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agencyhas announced:
“a new effort to develop neurotechologies that may help individuals not just better remember individual items but learn physical skills. Complex skills can take people years to master, and it’s not just repetition of the physical movements that matters.”
Please note that, at this stage, DARPA's research and announcement focus on treating trauma disorders and enhanced learning, rather than on the creation of skills or memories. 

Do Over: Or, The Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

New studies on memory appear to indicate that memories are not formed and then rigidly fixed, as originally thought; they are formed and then rebuilt each time they’re recalled. If this theory is correct scientists should be able to change the experience of that memory when it is reaccessed. This is proving to be true.
Recent clinical therapies are evolving that induce patients to recall painful memories, scientists then use drugs to block the formation of re-remembering that memory, resulting in the inability to "save" the memory once more. In this way, the memory is "lost" to the patient. See Wired, The Forgetting Pill.
Other scientists, as reported in the journal Nature and separately in the journal PLOS One, are working on also working on erasing, or at least modifying, painful memories. 

Thought starters:

If memories can be manipulated, or implanted, what value do we place on our “real” experiences, our “past”? And, if we know that "bad" memories can be erased, how would that knowledge alter our current behaviors?
How will this research alter human-computer interactions (HCI)?
How will these developments effect artificial intelligence (A.I.) projects?
How do you know that your current memories are truly your own experiences and not just an implant? Does it matter?
Take the Red Pill. And, stay tuned…
(c) David J. Katz, 2016 - New York City

Popular posts from this blog

Taking Tips From a Younger Generation

Phyllis Korkki, an assignment editor at The New York Times, visited the garment district in Manhattan to interview designers as part of a story for the newspaper’s Snapchat account. Credit George Etheredge/The New York Times
What Could I Possibly Learn From A Mentor Half My Age? Plenty.

How on earth did I become an “older worker?”

It was only a few years ago, it seems, that I set out to climb the ladder in my chosen field. That field happens to be journalism, but it shares many attributes with countless other workplaces. For instance, back when I was one of the youngest people in the room, I was helped by experienced elders who taught me the ropes.

Now, shockingly, I’m one of the elders. And I’ve watched my industry undergo significant change. That’s why I recently went searching for a young mentor — yes, a younger colleague to mentor me.

Discounts, Discovery & Delight: 3Ds for Retail Success

In fashion and retail, Dopamine is the drug of choice. Technically, Dopamine is the neurotransmitter of “desire.” Dopamine leaps across synapses in our brain to control our reward and pleasure centers. It enables craving. It induces repeat behaviors. It makes us want more. Therefore, it is in our best interest to create products and experiences which induce the release of dopamine in our consumers. We could use some dopamine for ourselves, too. In our fashion and retail world, there are three primary stimuli, "3Ds," we can control to deliver hits of dopamine: Discounts, Discovery and Delight.

Beware of Wombats & Other Vampires

You are surrounded by dangerous WOMBATS. They’re everywhere. Sometimes they hide in plain sight, easy to spot. Other times they are well camouflaged, requiring heightened awareness to identify them. You need to stay alert, it’s important to avoid them. WOMBATs resemble ordinary, productive tasks. However, they are vampires for time and resources, weapons of mass distraction.WOMBATs are seductive. Working on a WOMBAT feels productive.WOMBATs are bad for your career.WOMBATs are bad for your business.WOMBATs infiltrate your work day (and your personal time). Strike them down.WOMBATs may be be ingrained in your company culture: “We’ve always done it that way…” WOMBAT Metamorphosis Alert: A task or project that wasproductive in the pastcanevolve into a WOMBAT in today's environment.Your comfort zone is populated with WOMBATs.More on comfort zones, here.Some people are WOMBATs in disguise. Stay away from them, they are vampire WOMBATs.If you don’t control your WOMBATs, your WOMBATs will…